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Transformation (Simple – Complex – Compound)
- SSC | English 2nd Paper | Most Important | Composition | PDF | 1-5
- SSC | English 2nd Paper | Common Composition | PDF | 6-10
- SSC | English 2nd Paper | Common Composition | PDF | 11-15
- Common Composition | 16-20 | English 2nd Paper | PDF | SSC
- Common Composition | 21-25 | English 2nd Paper | PDF | SSC
|Present participle (V1+ ing) Seeing the tiger, he ran away.
As he saw the tiger, he ran away.
He saw the tiger and ran away.
|Inspite of/despite/Notwithstanding (his/my/our/ their/ her/ your)+(V1+ING)
Inspite of my running fast, I missed the bus.
Though I ran fast, Imissed the bus.
I ran fast but missed the bus.
|By + V1+ Ing
By reading well, you will pass.
|If + Positive Condition
If you read well, you will pass.
Read well and you will pass.
|Without + vi-Ing / noun
Without running fast, you will miss the train.
|If + Negative Condition/Unless + S
If you do not run fast, you will miss the train.
|Imperative + Or
Run fast or you will miss the train.
|To + V1(purpose)
We went to market to buy a car.
|That/So that +S+ Can/Could/May/ might+ V1
We went to market so that we could buy a car.
|S + wants/want/wanted +to +And so+
We Wanted to by a car and so we went to market.
I am too weak to talk.
The load is too heavy for me to carry.
|So….That + S + Can/Could/May/ might +not+ V1 I am so weak that I can not talk. The load is so heavy that I can carry it.
I am so weak that I can not talk.
The load is so heavy that I can carry it.
|Besides + v1+ing
Besides being a good boy he is a good player.
While he is a good boy, he is a good player.
|not only — but also
He is not only a good boy but player.
|S + present participle
The boy standing at the door was my student.
|S+ who/which/that + Main verb
The boy who stood was my student.
The boy stood at the door and was my student.
|Adj + S
The meritorious boy was given the prize.
|S+ who/which/that + be verb + adj
The boy who was meritorious was given the prize.
The boy was meritorious and was given the prize.
|owing to/because off/ for + noun / due to
Owing to my illness was absent.
As I was ill, I was absent.
I was ill and I was absent.
|At the time of +his /my/ our/ their/ her/your + (v1+ ING)
At the time of my reading, he called me.
|When (different subject)
When I was reading, he called me.
I was reading and he called me.
|S + having/being
The sun having set, we returned home.
|When (different subject)
The sun had set, we returned home.
The sun had set, and we returned home.
|on the + Noun
On the arrival of the mails, the steamer will leave.
|As soon as/When (different subject)
As soon as the mails arrive the steamer will leave.
The mail will arrive and immed- iately the steamer will leave.
|At the age of +—-
As the age of seven I visited Singapore.
When was seven I visited Singapore.
I was seven, and then I visited Singapore.
|In + summer/winter etc.
In summer he came here.
When it was summer, he came here.
It was summer and then he came here.
He visited China during vacation.
When it was vacation, he visited China.
It was vacation and then he visited China.
|Immediately on + V1+ ING
Immediately on hearing the news, he ran away.
|As soon as
As soon as he heard the news, he ran away.
|And at once/ Immediately
He heard the news and at once he ran away.
|Besides +not+ v1+/ING
Besides not returning the goods, he did not pay the bill.
While he did not return the goods, he did not pay the bill.
|Neither — nor
He neither returned the goods nor paid the bill.
|In the event of
In the event of Shirin’s not coming, she will send a letter.
If Shirin does not come, she will send a letter.
|Either — or
Either Shirin will come or she will send a letter.
|Immediately on + V1+ ing
Immediately on seeing the teacher he went into the room.
No sooner had he seen the teacher than he went into the room.
|And at once
He had seen the teacher and at once went into the room.
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