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Read the passage carefully and answer the questions following it.
The National Memorial at Savar is a symbol of the nation’s respect for the martyrs of the War of Liberation. It is built with concrete, but made of blood. It stands 150 feet tall, but every martyr it stands for stands so much taller. It is an achievement the dimension of which can be measured, but it stands for an achievement which is immeasurable.
It stands upright for the millions of martyrs who laid down their lives so that we may stand upright, in honour and dignity, amongst the nations of the world. Most prominently visible is the 150 feet tower that stands on a base measuring 130 feet wide. There is actually a series of 7 towers that rise by stages to a height of 150 feet.
The foundation was laid on the first anniversary of the Victory Day. There is actually a plan to build a huge complex in several phases. The entire complex will cover an area of 126 acres. The plan of this complex includes a mosque, a library and a museum. The relics of the Liberation war will be kept in the museum.
They will ever remind our countrymen and all who would come to visit the museum of the valiant struggle and supreme sacrifices of a freedom-loving people. Here also will be a clear warning to all oppressors that the weapons of freedom need not be very big, and that oppression will always be defeated. The will of people prevails, for man is born to be free.
The most moving sight of the complex is the several graves of the martyred freedom fighters: close to the tower. Standing in front of the graves we bow down our heads in respect, as the towers soar up symbolizing the loftiness of their spirit.
1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.
(a) The memorial will be a clear warning to all –––.
(b) The National Memorial is built with ––– but made of blood.
(c) It stands for an achievement, which is –––.
(d) There is an actual plan to build the complex –––.
(iii) at a time
(iv) in different stages
(e) The 150 feet tower stands on a base measuring ––– wide.
(i) 130 ft
(ii) 135 ft
(iii) 175 ft
(iv) 180 ft.
- Write whether the statements are true or false. If false, give the correct answer.
(a) The National Memorial stands 130 feet tall.
(b) There is actually a series of 7 towers that rise by stages to a height of 150 feet.
(c) The entire complex covers an area of 126 hectors.
(d) The relics of the liberation war will be kept in the museum.
(e) The National Memorial stands for an achievement which is measurable.
- Fill in each gap in the following passage with a suitable word from the box. There are more words than necessary.
The National Memorial at Savar is token of the nation’s respect for the martyrs of the liberation war. Though it is 150 feet tall, it does not (a) ––– the greatness of a single martyr. The martyrs sacrificed their (b) ––– so that we can live in honour and dignity. The monument consists of 7 towers that (c) ––– on a 130 feet wide base and rise by stages.
It’s foundation was (d) ––– on 16 December, 1972. The plan of memorial complex includes a mosque, a (e) ––– and a museum. The museum will contain the relics of the liberation war and remind the visitors of home and abroad the (f) ––– and sacrifice of a freedom (g) ––– people. The relics will warn all oppressors that the weapons of freedom need not be very big and oppression is (h) ––– defeated. There are the graves of the martyrs (i) ––– the monument. The visitors bow down their (j) ––– standing in front of them.
- Read the passage again. Now, write a paragraph based on the information about the National Memorial. Use the clues in box below. Write the information in the logical sequence as it appears in the text. The paragraph should not exceed 70 words:
|Location – purpose – symbol – height – sacrifice – respect.|
5. Answer the following questions in your own words.
(a) Why is the museum built near the monument?
(b) What does the National Memorial stand for?
(c) What does the complex include?
(d) Why is the memorial called ‘built with concrete but made of blood?
(e) What do you mean by “Man is born to be free?”
Fill in each gap with a suitable word of your own, based on the information from the passege.
The National Memorial (a) ––– stands at Savar is a (b) ––– of the nation’s (c) ––– for the martyrs of the War of Liberation. It stands (d) ––– for the millions of martyrs (e) ––– laid down their lives (f) ––– make us stand upright with honour and dignity amongst the (g) ––– of the world. There is a plan to (h) ––– a huge complex in several phases. The most moving (i) ––– of the complex is the (j) ––– graves of the martyred freedom fighters.
- Imagine you have visited the National Memorial at Savar. Now write your feelings of this visit in about 70 – 80 words.
- Read the passage again. Now write the main ideas of the story in your own words in not more than five sentences.
Read the passage carefully and answer the questions following it .
It was eve of World War II, October 1938. Mrs Smith sat on her favourite rocking chair and closed her eyes. It was a long tiring day. She looked out of the window; it was dark, quite dark. The tension of the war hung in the air. Mrs Smith was restless. Her husband William Smith and son William Smith Junior were off to the border. She switches on the radio and a deep male voice floated in.
It was an invasion alarm! What actually happened on that night was Orson Welles and his Mercury Theatre presented a radio adaptation of H.G. Well’s novel ‘Warof the Worlds’ on the air. Wells meant the programme to be a Halloween Joke. But the beginning of the
programme was missed by many listeners. They mistook it for news coverage of an actual invasion of the USA. Panic spread from one end of the country to the other. It drove many people into frenzy. They fled by car from the invaded area. A number of people died as a result of accidents or by suicide. People had believed the invasion because they heard it on the radio at a time of fear and also the invasion was put across as a current news programme.
1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.
(a) Orson Wells’ offered on that night _____ .
(ii) news of war
(iii) music programme
(iv) a drama
(b) When did the story take place?
(i) At the beginning of World War II
(ii) At the end of World War II
(iii) A little after World War II
(iv) A little before World War II
(c) ‘On the air’ means _____ .
(i) flying in the air
(iii) firing in the air
(iv) fighting in the air
(d) The whole country was seized with _____ .
(e) _____ of the radio drama was missed by the people.
(i) The exposition
(ii) The beginning
(iii) The end
(iv) The climax
(f) All over the country there was _____ .
(g) The reaction of the people on hearing the radio programme was _____ .
(iii) not factionary
- Write whether the following statements are true or false. If false, give the correct answer.
(a) Mrs. Smith was restless because of the dark night.
(b) H.G. Wells’ novel War of the Worlds’ was retold for the radio broadcast.
(c) Mrs. Smith was in comfort on her cozy swinging char.
(d) Well’s programme was actually presented as a fun.
(e) The missing of the commencement of the radio programme led the people to frenzy.
(f) The story shows that media can create any havoc.
- Fill in each blank in the following passage with a suitable word from the box below. There are more words than necessary.
|suicide – version – result – tension – panic – triggered – visualizing – fanatic – symbol – real – initial – alarm|
Sitting, on her rocking chair, Mr. Smith was (a) ___ about her husband and son as they were off to the border. When she switched on the radio, she heard an invasion (b) ___ . Actually the radio was broadcasting a radio (c) ___ of H.G. Wells’ novel War of the Worlds. It was in the air as a (d) ___ of Halloween joke. Many people missed the (e) ___ part of the programme. They thought that the (f) ___ war had broken out. The entire country was seized with (g) ___ . They took it for granted that the U.S.A (h) ___ of the war. As a (i) ___ a number of peple were the victims of accidents and (j) ___ .
- Based on the information about the fear of war and the impact of the radio programme. Use the clues in the box below. Write the information in a logical sequence as it appears in the text. The paragraph should not exceed 70 words.
Read the passage again. Now, answer the following questions in your own words.
(a) Why was Mrs. Smith tensed?
(b) Who was the presenter of the radio programme?
(c) What did the people take the programme for?
(d) Which portion of the programme was missed by many people?
(e) What was the consequence of the mistake?
(f) What was the actual event?
(g) What drove men into frenzy?
- Fill in each gap with a suitable word of your own based on the information from the passage.
On the radio an (a) ___ of war was heard. Mrs. Smith (b) ___ worried. Having (c) ___ the beginning of the programme she felt (d) ___ for her husband and son who were (e) ___ to the frontier. As she missed the (f) ___ part of the programme, she took it (g) ___ real one. Like her, other listeners (h) ___ took it to be true. They began (i) ___ from the attacked area. Some died on the way by accident or by (j) ___ .
- Read the passage again. Imagine, yourself in place of Mrs Smith. Now write, in about 70-80 words about the experience you had achieved out of the radio programme and people’s reaction to it.
- Read the passage again. Write the main ideas of the passage in your own words in not more than five sentences.
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